Agus Setiawan

PhD candidate and result-oriented Director with 25 years experience with involvement in all levels of Business Strategy, Sales and Marketing, Managing Project and Product Development. Aside of managing a company, he is also the best corporate trainer and public speaker in seminar and conference.

Dig Deeper into Scrum Framework

Learn Scrum Artifacts Main Methodologies

Scrum artifacts represent the value or work in different ways that are very helpful in providing the opportunities and transparency to adapt and inspect. Below is the core three of Scrum artifacts:

First is Product Backlog; an ordered list of everything that is known to be needed in a product. This is considered as the final document by the scrum team. Next is Sprint Backlog; a set of items from product backlog which the team commits to achieve on a given sprint. Once created, no one can add to the sprint backlog except the development team. Lastly, Increment; the sum of all product backlog items that are completed during the sprint as well as the value of the increment of all the previous sprint.

Five Key Events in Scrum Framework

The enthusiasm for communication, openness, and transparency might be the most important element to Scrum and Agile. Through this call for open communication, Scrum encourages us to hold the following five key events: Sprint Planning, Daily Scrum, Sprint Review, Sprint Retrospective, and The Sprint.

Firstly, Sprint Planning used by the team to identify the possible items that will be delivered. Next, Daily Scrum has the purpose to ensure everyone on the team knows the task status and progress. Then, Sprint Review shows the increment focuses on the sprint goals according to the definition of done. After that, Sprint Retrospective aims to continually improve the team efficiency and it becomes the last thing done in a sprint where the entire team should participate. Lastly, the Sprint (also called 'Iterations') performs the entries implementation from the Scrum Product Backlog.

Scrum Steps You Should Know

According to Jeff Sutherland in a process called "check and adapt", there are eleven steps of scrum that can help anyone to do twice the work in half the time. Those steps are: Pick a Product Owner, Build a Team, Pick a Scrum Master, Create a Product, Backlog, Specify and estimate the product backlog, Play your Sprint, Make workflow transparent, Daily meeting or daily scrum, Demo to Customer, Retrospective meeting, Start the next sprint immediately.


In summary, Product Backlog, Sprint Backlog, and Increment are the three main methodologies of Scrum artifacts. On the other hand, there are five key events during a sprint namely Sprint Planning, Daily Scrum, Sprint Review, Sprint Retrospective, and The Sprint. Also, there is an entire Scrum method which consists of 11 major steps that teach the art of doing twice the work in half the time. All parts of the Scrum above can be used by anyone to help the team work together.

REFERENCE: Comprehensive Scrum Guide. Retrieved from
Schwaber, K., & Sutherland, J. (2017). The scrum guide-the definitive guide to scrum: The rules of the game. SCRUM. org, Nov-2017.

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